Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben: In this update, we add new historical material to the growing list of details that supports these claims.
Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben by Charles Wilson Peale, n Von Steuben was born in Magdeburg fortress where his father was an engineer lieutenant in the military in Most of his adolescent years were spent in Russia, but with his father at the age of 10, they returned to Germany.
He was schooled in Breslau by Jesuits and by the age of He was a member of an infantry unit and a staff officer in the Seven Years War, later being made a member of the General Staff serving in Russia periodically.
His experiences as a General Staff member in the Prussian Army gave him a wealth of knowledge that heretofore was unheard of, even in the British and French armies of the period.
His training would eventually bring to the American soldiers the technical knowledge necessary to create an army. At the age of 33, inSteuben was discharged as a captain from the army, for reasons that are only speculative. The following year he received his "Baron" title when he became chamberlain at the Petty Court of Hohenzollern-Hechingen.
He was the only courtier to accompany his incognito prince to France inhoping to borrow money. Failing to find funds, they returned to Germany indeeply in debt. Looking for work to reverse his fortunes, von Steuben tried employment in several foreign armies including Austria, Baden and France.
He discovered that Benjmin Franklin was in Paris and that possibly, he could find work with the Continental Army in America. Germain who fully realized the potential of an officer with Prussian General Staff training. He was advanced travel funds and left Europe from Marseilles.
On September 26th,he reached Portsmouth, New Hampshire and by December 1st, was being extravagantly entertained in Boston. Congress was in York Pennsylvania, after being ousted from Philadelphia for the winter and on February 5,Steuben was with them.
They accepted his offer to volunteer, without pay for the time, and on the 23rd of the same month, Steuben was reporting for duty to General Washington at Valley Forge.
Steuben did not speak English, but his French was such that he could communicate with some of the officers. The two men assisted Steuben in drafting a training program for the soldiers which found approval with the Commander-in-Chief in March.
How did the men at Valley Forge become an army? Steuben began with a "model company," a group of chosen men and trained them He trained the soldiers, who at this point were greatly lacking in proper clothing themselves, in full military dress uniform, swearing and yelling at them up and down in German and French.
His instructions and methods have a familiar ring, nor is this strange when we consider that much of what is done today stems from his teachings.
To correct the existing policy of placing recruits in a unit before they had received training, Von Steuben introduced a system of progressive training, beginning with the school of the soldier, with and without arms, and going through the school of the regiment.
Each company commander was made responsible for the training of new men, but actually instruction was done by selected sergeants, the best obtainable.
Warfare in the Eighteenth Century was a comparitively simple matter, once the battle was joined. Combat was at close range, massed-fire melee, where rapidity of firing was of primary importance.
Accuracy was little more than firing faster thatn the opposing line. Much of the Regulations dealt with the manual of arms and firing drills. But battle was close-order drill, and speed of firing could only be obtained by drilling men in the handling of their firearms until the motions of loading and firing were mechanical.
Firing was done in eight counts and fifteen motions.Nov 08, · Baron Von Steuben was known as Friedrich Wilhelm Augustus von Steuben in America, and as Friedrich Wilhelm August Heinrich Ferdinand, which was the name, he called himself in later years.
He was born in Magdeburg fortress in baron friedrich wilhelm von steuben The Parade is an annual celebration of the great achievements of German immigrants in the United States.
It is named in honor of General Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, a Prussian officer under Frederick the Great, who was sent to the U.S. in to assist the newly formed Continental Army in the.
Oct 19, · Franklin learned of a “brilliant” Prussian military genius, Lt. Gen. Baron Frederich von Steuben. Von Steuben had a string of successes (some self-embellished) with the Prussian army.
There. Baron von Steuben trained the Continental Army at Valley Forge. After his arrival in America, von Steuben was assigned by the Continental Congress to train the army, a task for which he had no formal training at that time.
Baron von Steuben was born in the fortress town of Magdeburg, Germany, on September 17, , the son of Royal Prussian Engineer Capt.
Baron Wilhelm von Steuben and his wife, Elizabeth von Jagvodin. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Friedrich Wilhelm von tranceformingnlp.com: Major General. APUSH Final STUDY.
PLAY. Propietorship. Baron von Steuben readied the American army and emerged in the spring tougher and more disciplined. Clay had used his influence as Speaker of the House to elect Adams rather than Jackson in the election in Consolidated governments.