Archaic period in Greece Dipylon Vase of the late Geometric period, or the beginning of the Archaic period, c. In the 8th century BC, Greece began to emerge from the Dark Ages which followed the fall of the Mycenaean civilization. Literacy had been lost and Mycenaean script forgotten, but the Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabetmodifying it to create the Greek alphabet. Objects with Phoenician writing on them may have been available in Greece from the 9th century BC, but the earliest evidence of Greek writing comes from graffiti on Greek pottery from the mid-8th century.
Inside Homes Greek homes were plain. They were built of wood, mud brick, or stone buildings. They had only two or three rooms built around an open courtyard. Windows were small and set high on the walls.
They could be closed with shutters. They were whitewashed to a bright white. In poor homes, the cooking was done outside over a campfire. Few homes had chimneys. Instead they had small vents in the ceiling to allow smoke to go out. There was not much difference between the homes of the wealthy and the poor.
The largest difference was where the home was located. The wealthy home would be located in a different district in the town.
The wealthy spent their money on expensive clothes, jewelry, and slaves. Expensive homes had one foot thick walls. This kept thieves from stealing. The lower part of the wall was stone and the upper part was brick.
By the 4th century b. More advanced education in philosophy, mathematics, logic and rhetoric was available to the aristocracy in highly select gymnasia like the Academy of Plato and the Lycaeum of Aristotle.
Although girls in ancient Greece received no formal education in the literary arts, many of them were taught to read and write informally, in the home. Education-Religion Childhood Children lived with their mothers in the women's quarter until they were 7 years old.
They slept in wicker baskets or wooden cradles.
The children played with balls, miniature chariots, rattles, yo-yos, rocking horses, and dolls and animals made from clay. They especially liked dogs. Other pets included ducks, quail, birds, goats, tortoises, mice, weasels, and grasshoppers.
At age 7 the boys went to school Schools The schools varied from one city-state to the next. The Spartans were the most envied by the Greeks. They were taught to be tough from an early age. Spartan Schools When babies were born in Sparta, Spartan soldiers would come by the house to examine them.
If the baby did not look healthy, it was taken away and left to die or trained as a slave. If the baby was healthy, it was assigned membership in a brotherhood or sisterhood.
The boys in Sparta were sent to military camps of their brotherhood when they turned 7. They learned how to read and write until they were about The Spartan government wanted to make the boys tough. To do this they were given little clothing and no shoes.
They slept on hard beds made of reeds and were not given any covers. They were not given enough food. They were trained in survival skills and how to be a good soldier.
Reading and writing were taught as secondary skills. Between ages 18 to 20 each boy had to pass a fitness test. If he did not pass the test, he became a perioidos. This was a person of middle class who had no political rights and was not even considered a citizen. If the boy passed he served in the military and continued to train as a soldier.When we use the term ancient Greece we refer to the periods of Greek history in Classical Antiquity, lasting from BC (the archaic period) to BC (the Roman conquest).
Pederasty in ancient Greece was a socially acknowledged romantic relationship between an adult male (the erastes) and a younger male (the eromenos) usually in his teens. It was characteristic of the Archaic and Classical periods. who published his Sexual Life in Ancient Greece in Sparta was a warrior society in ancient Greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city-state Athens in the Peloponnesian War ( B.C.).
The Spartans’ way of life. DAILY LIFE IN ANCIENT GREECE. By Tim Lambert. Cities in Ancient Greece. Ancient Greek cities were protected by stone walls.
Inside them most of the land was occupied by private homes. The historical period of ancient Greece is unique in world history as the first period attested directly in proper historiography, while earlier ancient history or proto-history is known by much more circumstantial evidence, such as .
Our family used this book in our homeschooling, while studying Greece and Rome. Full of easy, hands-on projects which jump-started our kids' imaginations and made the ancient .