Unpublished Sources Huge quantities of information are now available electronically via the Internet. Most college students now have access to the World Wide Web, either on computers at school or at home by dialing up a server with a modem. Electronic texts or "e-texts" are popping up more and more in research papers.
Examples of how to cite Wikipedia Wikipedia has a tool to generate citations for particular articles. For the cite tool, see Special: Citeor follow the "Cite this page" link in the toolbox on the left of the page in the article you wish to cite. The following examples assume you are citing the Wikipedia article on Plagiarismusing the version that was submitted on July 22,at Retrieved August 10,from https: For reference books, which includes encyclopedias, dictionaries, and glossaries, the book title is preceded by the word In.
It is not italicized, but the book title following it is. The book title appears in sentence case. You capitalize the first word, the first word after a colon, and proper nouns.
The URL must go to the exact page that you reference. No punctuation follows the URL. The term or article title appears in the author position. Use sentence case for multiple-word terms or titles, where you capitalize the first word, the first word after a colon, and proper nouns.
The proper in-text citation is "Plagiarism," for a paraphrased passage or "Plagiarism,"para. If there are multiple headings on the page, it is also acceptable to place the subheading and then a paragraph number within that heading.
For example, proper in-text citation for a direct quote of fewer than 40 words is: If the quoted material is more than 40 words, use the block quote format instead.
As another example, the proper in-text citation for a paraphrased passage is: Plagiarism is stealing the works of others "Plagiarism," APA Style requires that you provide a separate reference entry for each term you are citing in your paper because 1 you must provide a URL for each term that goes directly to the term, and 2 you must provide the publication date for each term separately.
However, if you are discussing the "online encyclopedia" itself, not a term in the encyclopedia, you might need to reference the site itself.
Note that MLA style calls for both the date of publication or its latest update and the date on which the information was retrieved. Be sure to double check the exact syntax your institution requires. For citation of Wikipedia as a site, use: Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, s.
Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia; Jul 22, University of Chicago Press, Note on Turabian style: Please understand that Turabian does not have rules that cover anything like Wikipedia. These examples are based on "reading between the lines" and assimilating rules from various not-so-similar cases that Turabian does cover.
If the party to which you are submitting your paper is particularly strict, you might want to find out if they have their own adaptation of Turabian that would apply in this case.
Alternately, you could always consult with the party before the deadline to make sure it's acceptable. Notes 1 "Plagiarism," in Wikipedia: Updated 22 July Retrieved 10 August This presentation does not follow that rule. Parenthetical reference "Plagiarism," Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia or Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, s.
Indenting is like that of the bibliography.
Here is an example: See Wikipedia, Bluebook, https: This format reflects Rule This change allows specification of the exact version of the article to which the author is referring. The date and time used should correspond exactly to the latest version listed in the article's Wikipedia history page that states the proposition for which you are citing it.Citation Machine helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use.
Cite your website in APA format for free. Son of Citation Machine™ NEW My Papers. Popular Styles. MLA Style. APA Style. Chicago Style. Title Page. Plagiarism and Grammar Checker.
Writing Resources. APA defines a figure as any illustration that is not a table. Figures do not have separate titles but may include a legend (if applicable). The caption begins with an explanation (which also serves as the title), followed by source of figure (if not created by the author).
If the book was read or acquired through an online library (e.g., Google Books, ebrary, NetLibrary) and not on an e-reader device, omit the bracketed information from the reference. The APA Format. The APA citation style was developed by the American Psychological Association, and it is the standardized method for formatting APA citations in the reference page in the field of social sciences, particularly in psychology, criminology, education, business, and the nursing profession.
To cite a website in a paper using APA format, gather the author's name, the title of the article, the date of publication and the URL for that website. Add an in-text parenthetical note, and include the source information in the list of references.
APA Citation Format (APA Style Guide to Electronic Resources, 6th ed.) “When citing an entire website of page, and not any document in particular on that website it is sufficient to give the address of the site in the text (no reference list entry is needed).