It also enjoys turning househusbands into afternoon talk show guests. It gets so confusing that I just want to hide in a cave. However, some compelling social research has convinced me that there is hope--if we do our homework. I will conclude by giving examples of a healthier and more egalitarian approach to male-female interdependence.
Culture is the systems of knowledge shared by a relatively large group of people. Culture is communication, communication is culture. Culture in its broadest sense is cultivated behavior; that is the totality of a person's learned, accumulated experience which is socially transmitted, or more briefly, behavior through social learning.
A culture is a way of life of a group of people--the behaviors, beliefs, values, and symbols that they accept, generally without thinking about them, and that are passed along by communication and imitation from one generation to the next.
Culture is symbolic communication.
Some of its symbols include a group's skills, knowledge, attitudes, values, and motives. The meanings of the symbols are learned and deliberately perpetuated in a society through its institutions. Culture consists of patterns, explicit and implicit, of and for behavior acquired and transmitted by symbols, constituting the distinctive achievement of human groups, including their embodiments in artifacts; the essential core of culture consists of traditional ideas and especially their attached values; culture systems may, on the one hand, be considered as products of action, on the other hand, as conditioning influences upon further action.
Culture is the sum of total of the learned behavior of a group of people that are generally considered to be the tradition of that people and are transmitted from generation to generation. Culture is a collective programming of the mind that distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from another.
People are what they learn. Optimistic version of cultural determinism place no limits on the abilities of human beings to do or to be whatever they want. Some anthropologists suggest that there is no universal "right way" of being human. Proper attitude of an informed human being could only be that of tolerance.
The optimistic version of this theory postulates that human nature being infinitely malleable, human being can choose the ways of life they prefer. The pessimistic version maintains that people are what they are conditioned to be; this is something over which they have no control.
Human beings are passive creatures and do whatever their culture tells them to do. This explanation leads to behaviorism that locates the causes of human behavior in a realm that is totally beyond human control.
There is no scientific standards for considering one group as intrinsically superior or inferior to another. Studying differences in culture among groups and societies presupposes a position of cultural relativism. It does not imply normalcy for oneself, nor for one's society.
It, however, calls for judgment when dealing with groups or societies different from one's own. Information about the nature of cultural differences between societies, their roots, and their consequences should precede judgment and action.
Negotiation is more likely to succeed when the parties concerned understand the reasons for the differences in viewpoints. It is a form of reductionism that reduces the "other way" of life to a distorted version of one's own.
This is particularly important in case of global dealings when a company or an individual is imbued with the idea that methods, materials, or ideas that worked in the home country will also work abroad. Environmental differences are, therefore, ignored. Ethnocentrism, in relation to global dealings, can be categorized as follows: Important factors in business are overlooked because of the obsession with certain cause-effect relationships in one's own country.
It is always a good idea to refer to checklists of human variables in order to be assured that all major factors have been at least considered while working abroad. Even though one may recognize the environmental differences and problems associated with change, but may focus only on achieving objectives related to the home-country.
This may result in the loss of effectiveness of a company or an individual in terms of international competitiveness. The objectives set for global operations should also be global.
The differences are recognized, but it is assumed that associated changes are so basic that they can be achieved effortlessly.
It is always a good idea to perform a cost-benefit analysis of the changes proposed.in the culture can make us choke during tests of ability The power of stereotypes, sci- Gender Stereotypes: Masculinity and Femininity 7 The SStereotype TTrap Newsweek,November 6, femininity.
The concepts of gender role and gender stereotype tend to be related. When. In this essay, I will examine society’s gender lens by exploring two major sociological theories of masculinity and femininity: sex-role theory and the theory of hegemonic masculinity.
I will conclude by giving examples of a healthier and more egalitarian approach to male-female interdependence. One of the key aspects is to identify that masculinity and femininity is not mainly about the difference in biological types but also to be viewed as the characteristics that are determined socially and therefore has the concept that can be applied as culture.
Culture: distinguishes human beings from animals - refers to music, dance, literature, architecture and other creative activities - suggests tradition and heritage - denotes civilization - indicates the commonly shared ideas and practices of a group of people - suggests diversity .
Femininity (also called girlishness, womanliness or womanhood) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles generally associated with girls and tranceformingnlp.comnity is partially socially constructed, being made up of both socially-defined and biologically-created factors.
This makes it distinct from the definition of the biological female sex, as both males and females can exhibit feminine traits. Tara Williams has suggested that modern notions of femininity in English speaking society began during the English medieval period at the time of the bubonic plague in the s.
Women in the Early Middle Ages were referred to simply within their traditional roles of maiden, wife, or widow.