Causes and Effects of Acid Rain That Will Leave You Dumbfounded Acid rain is a form of pollution that can cause lot of damage to ecosystems, man-made objects, as well as human health. Read this article to know more about its causes and effects. Acid rain, or more accurately acid precipitation, is the term used for describing rainfall with a pH level lower than 5. This type of pollution is a matter of great debate currently due to its potential of causing environmental damages all across the world.
Human Health The Effects of Acid Rain on Ecosystems This figure illustrates the pH level at which key organisms may be lost as their environment becomes more acidic. Not all fish, shellfish, or the insects that they eat can tolerate the same amount of acid.
An ecosystem is a community of plants, animals and other organisms along with their environment including the air, water and soil.
Everything in an ecosystem is connected. If something harms one part of an ecosystem — one species of plant or animal, the soil or the water — it can have an impact on everything else. Effects of Acid Rain on Fish and Wildlife The ecological effects of acid rain are most clearly seen in aquatic environments, such as streams, lakes, and marshes where it can be harmful to fish and other wildlife.
As it flows through the soil, acidic rain water can leach aluminum from soil clay particles and then flow into streams and lakes. The more acid that is introduced to the ecosystem, the more aluminum is released.
Some types of plants and animals are able to tolerate acidic waters and moderate amounts of aluminum. Others, however, are acid-sensitive and will be lost as the pH declines.
Generally, the young of most species are more sensitive to environmental conditions than adults. At pH 5, most fish eggs cannot hatch.
At lower pH levels, some adult fish die. Some acidic lakes have no fish. Even if a species of fish or animal can tolerate moderately acidic water, the animals or plants it eats might not.
For example, frogs have a critical pH around 4, but the mayflies they eat are more sensitive and may not survive pH below 5. Effects of Acid Rain on Plants and Trees Dead or dying trees are a common sight in areas effected by acid rain.
Acid rain leaches aluminum from the soil. That aluminum may be harmful to plants as well as animals. Acid rain also removes minerals and nutrients from the soil that trees need to grow. The trees are then less able to absorb sunlight, which makes them weak and less able to withstand freezing temperatures.
This capacity depends on the thickness and composition of the soil and the type of bedrock underneath it. In areas such as mountainous parts of the Northeast United States, the soil is thin and lacks the ability to adequately neutralize the acid in the rain water.Effects of Acid Rain on Fish and Wildlife.
The ecological effects of acid rain are most clearly seen in aquatic environments, such as streams, lakes, and marshes where it can be harmful to fish and other wildlife. As it flows through the soil, acidic rain water can leach aluminum from soil clay particles and then flow into streams and lakes.
Acid rain, or more accurately acid precipitation, is the term used for describing rainfall with a pH level lower than This type of pollution is a matter of great debate currently due to its potential of causing environmental damages all across the world. Acid rain causes and effects essays Regulation of enzyme activity and synthesis essay david rakoff essays on leadership vs f6k msfc3 descriptive essay cow essay in cow perspective university of colorado admission essay doing your masters dissertation pdf to word essay building blocks.
Causes and History of Acid Rain Acid deposition can be causes by natural sources like volcanoes, but it is mainly caused by the release of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide during fossil fuel combustion. Effects of acid rain: Acid rain is very harmful to agriculture, plants, and animals. It washes away all nutrients which are required for the growth and survival of plants.
Acid rain affects agriculture by the way how it alters the composition of the soil. Effects of Acid Rain After studying the Hubbard Brook Forest and other areas, researchers found several important effects of acid deposition on both natural and man-made environments.
Aquatic settings are the most clearly affected by acid deposition, though, because acidic precipitation falls directly into them.