Originally, he was known as Amenhotep IV, but then changed his name to reflect his link with the new supreme deity, whom he worshiped. Akhenaten's wife is believed to have, at the very least, been a relative and most likely his half-sister, Nefertiti. It was a common, and expected, tradition among ancient Egyptian pharaohs, for the ruler to marry the eldest daughter of his father.
Print this page The appeal of the Amarna period Some people are drawn by interest in Akhenaten himself or his religion, others by a fascination with the unusual art which appeals strongly to the tastes of modern viewers and provides a sense of immediacy rarely felt with traditional Egyptian representation.
The radical changes Akhenaten made have led to his characterisation as the 'first individual in human history' and this in turn has led to endless speculation about his background and motivation; he is cast as hero or villain according to the viewpoint of the commentator.
Akhenaten came to the throne of Egypt around BC. The reign of his father, Amenhotep III, had been long and prosperous with international diplomacy largely replacing the relentless military campaigning of his predecessors.
The reign culminated in a series of magnificent jubilee pageants celebrated in Thebes modern Luxorthe religious capital of Egypt at the time and home to the state god Amun-Re. The new king was crowned as Amenhotep IV meaning 'Amun is content' and temple construction and decoration projects began immediately in the name of the new king.
The earliest work of his reign is stylistically similar to the art of his predecessors, but within a year or two he was building temples to the Aten or divinised sun-disk at Karnak in a very different artistic style and had changed his name to Akhenaten in honour of this god.
The radical changes Akhenaten made have led to his characterisation as the 'first individual in human history Akhenaten's 'great king's wife' was Nefertiti and they had six daughters. There were also other wives, including the enigmatic Kiya who may have been the mother of Tutankhamun.
Royal women play an unusually prominent role in the art of the period and this is particularly true of Nefertiti who is frequently depicted alongside her husband.
Nefertiti disappears from the archaeological record around year 12 and some have argued that she reappears as the enigmatic co-regent Smenkhkare towards the end of Akhenaten's reign.
Top Religious reforms The Egyptians had traditionally worshipped a whole pantheon of gods who were represented in human or animal form or as animal-headed humans. Some gods were specific to particular towns or places; others had broader appeal. From early periods solar gods such as Re had played an important role in Egyptian state religion because the distant but universal power of the sun fitted well with prevailing ideas of the supreme power of the king both within Egypt and beyond its borders.
Akhenaten raised the Aten to the position of 'sole god' In the New Kingdom, solar gods again became prominent, among them the Aten, the visible sun-disk which can be seen traversing the sky each day.
Akhenaten raised the Aten to the position of 'sole god', represented as a disk with rays of light terminating in hands which reach out to the royal family, sometimes offering the hieroglyphic sign for life.
Akhenaten and his family are frequently shown worshipping the Aten or simply indulging in everyday activities beneath the disk. Everywhere the close ties between the king and god are stressed through art and text.
The king forms the link between the god and ordinary people whose supposed focus of worship seems to have been Akhenaten and the royal family rather than the Aten itself. Relief showing Akhenaten and his wife Nefertiti worshipping the Aten. Other gods still existed and are mentioned in inscriptions although these tend to be other solar gods or personifications of abstract concepts; even the names of the Aten, which are written in cartouches like king's names, consist of a theological statement describing the Aten in terms of other gods.
The majority of traditional gods were not tolerated, however, and teams of workmen were sent around the temples of Egypt where they chiselled out the names and images of these gods wherever they occurred. A number of hymns to the Aten were composed during Akhenaten's reign and these provide a glimpse of what James Allen has described as the 'natural philosophy' of Akhenaten's religion.
The wonders of the natural world are described to extol the universal power of the sun; all creatures rejoice when the sun rises and nasty things come out at night when the sun is not present.Akhenaten, an Egyptian pharaoh during the Eighteenth Dynasty of the New Kingdom, ruled between and B.C.
His reign was characterized by vast changes to art and the movement of the capital city; these changes stemmed from his adoption of a new religion. Feb 17, · Akhenaten is a source of endless fascination and speculation - this often masks the fact that we actually know very little about him.
Dr Kate Spence explores the enigmatic story of Egypt's. Akhenaten‘s impact on Egypt’s religion Egypt’s religion was significantly affected by Akhenaten’s revolution.
Challenging the rigid framework of Egypt’s traditional ways of worship, Akhenaten established the worship of the new god, Aten (Sun god) in a very monotheistic way. Oct 21, · Ancient Egypt: A Very Short Introduction Ian Shaw Includes discussion of the evidence for links between ancient Egyptian religion and Judaism and Christianity.
Examines the impact of Egyptology on various aspects of popular culture such as cinema, fiction writing and opera.
Among the ancient ruins in Amarna, Egypt, lies a giant statue of Akhenaten. It's a fitting scene for this ancient pharaoh, who ruled the kingdom between and B.C. The son of Amenhotep III, Akhenaten attempted a cultural revolution in Egypt, only to bring it to near collapse.
architecture, sculpture, painting and other art media. Students will analyze major forms of artistic contextual analysis, and cultural impact. Contemplating these five factors will help students to see art as a meaningful part of their lives.
We will cover the following eras/cultures: Ancient Egypt Objectives.